Gestational Diabetes Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

The diabetes which happens during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. Good news is that you can keep your baby uninfected from this diabetes by following doctor’s advice strictly. It usually involves simple steps that you would need to repeat every day.

There is a mighty chance that you wouldn’t have this diabetes after giving birth to baby. However, not following the doctor’s advice might prompt gestational diabetes to turn into type 2 diabetes.

What Causes Gestational Diabetes

Placenta usually starts producing more hormones which raise the level of blood sugar during pregnancy. If your pancreas is working fine, it should generate enough insulin that would fulfill the body’s requirement. However, there might be a case in which blood sugar doesn’t get sufficient amount of insulin. This situation causes gestational diabetes.

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Factors that Can Cause Gestational Diabetes

Here some major factors which can cause gestational diabetes.

  • Being overweight before pregnancy can lead to developing gestational diabetes in the body.
  • Native American, African-American, Hispanic and Asian people usually are at the risk of having gestational diabetes more than others.
  • High blood sugar levels that, even though, aren’t considered high enough to cause chronic diabetes.
  • If diabetes is coming down through generations.
  • A medical history which would show gestational diabetes in the past.

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Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes

If you are high risk of having gestational diabetes, the doctor will immediately run diabetes tests in order to confirm. However, your sugar tests will be run 36 – 48 hours after doctor’s consultation if you are less likely to have this infection.

Are you pregnant with thirst ,fatigue or frequent urination? you might have Gestational diabetes. The gestational diabetes tests are usually run after one hour of having a sugary beverage. The test will involve examination of blood sugar’s consumption. Upon having blood sugar 140 mg/dL or above, you will be advised to have fasting for a few hours. Next test will be run after these hours.

There is usually nothing to worry about when test results are normal. However, some people are still at high risk of having this diabetes, even though they have normal sugar levels. If that is the case with you, you will need to consult your doctor more often during pregnancy.

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How Gestational Diabetes Can Be Treated

There are a few things that doctors usually advise to their gestational diabetic patients. Those things are as under.

  • Analyzing blood sugar levels four to five times a day.
  • Testing urine to see whether or not it contains ketones. Presence of ketones usually means that blood sugar is not being controlled well.
  • Getting recommendation from doctor about how to maintain healthy diet.
  • Doing physical exercise daily. But the workout plan should be discussed with physician to make it appropriate while keeping diabetic condition into consideration.

It’s important consult doctor from time to time. This consultation will help you to keep a check on your weight in order to ensure that it doesn’t exceed the limit.